N° 9 - Julio 2013 : "The Effect of Artistic Activities on the Development of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Outcomes in Chile: the Case of the Curanilahue Youth Orchestra"
Título : "The Effect of Artistic Activities on the Development of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Outcomes in Chile: the Case of the Curanilahue Youth Orchestra"
Número : 9
Mes : Julio
Año : 2013
Egaña, P.; D. Contreras.; Valenzuela, J. P.
Abstract : Research of extracurricular activities in Chile on the development of cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes is scarce, despite increasing international evidence that such activities are highly relevant and even, in some cases, more effective than traditional school improvement support programs. Based on an unprecedented intervention in the area of music, this paper evaluates the impact of intensive participation of vulnerable children and young students in the creation and development of the first youth orchestra of the municipality of Curalinahue, a small and poor county in the south of Chile. The positive effects of this experience on the young participants can be found at both the cognitive and non-cognitive levels. We observe an increase of scores on higher education admission tests (known in Chile as the PAA and the PSU) among participants in the Program. Employing information from 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004, we find positive and statistically significant effects, both in mathematics and language test scores. Furthermore, having analyzed increase in test scores for those students participating in the orchestra who take the test more than once, we find results that indicate a progressive increase in their scores, both in mathematics and in language, an indicator that can be considered as a proxy of non-cognitive outcomes related to the orientation and persistence to obtain personal goals.